Glossary

Glossary

A


Acemannan
A major carbohydrate fraction of Aloe vera gel, has been known to have antiviral and antitumoral activities in vivo through activation of immune responses.

Antacid (Antacids)
Antacids neutralize acid in the stomach, esophagus, or first part of the duodenum.

Apnea
Sleep apnea is the temporary stoppage of breathing during sleep, often resulting in daytime sleepiness. Apnea is a Greek word that means, “Want of breath.” (MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary)

Arthritis
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed, they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout. (Medical Net.com)

Aspartame
Aspartame (or APM) is the name for an artificial, non-saccharide sweetener, aspartyl-phenylalanine-1-methyl ester; i.e., a methyl ester of the dipeptide of the amino acids aspartic acid and phenylalanine. Aspartame is the sugar substitute often used in diet soft drinks, chewable vitamin supplements, and sugar-free gums. Controversy surrounds aspartame due to possible health risks and diseases such as brain tumors, brain lesions, and lymphoma. (Web MD)

To learn more about aspartame, visit, www.ethicalinvesting.com/monsanto/markel.shtml and the Aspartame NutraSweet (Toxicity) Info Center at www.holisticmed.com/aspartame.

Aura
The aura is the electromagnetic field comprised of several layers surrounding the body. Energy work manipulates the aura in various ways to repair energy blocks present in the aura.

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B


Biofield
In 1994, the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) established the term “Biofield.” A Biofield is an ensemble or matrix of different energies that extend outward from each person’s body. According to the latest theories and research in biophysics, the Biofield comprises many of the life energies to human wellness. These Biofield energies regulate and balance multiple systems that range from the cellular to the whole person. Metaphorically, the Biofield functions as both the musical orchestra and the music of overall vitality, ensuring the harmonious performance necessary for well-being.

Prominent scientists believe the Biofield may provide a scientific foundation for complementary and alternative medicine modalities such as vitalistic chiropractic, acupuncture, acupressure, electrodermal screening, homeopathy, magnet therapy and phototherapy. The Biofled explains many phenomena critical to wellness that cannot be explained in the traditional biological model. For example, the multiple studies that have documented energy healng can best be explained using the Biofield hypothesis.

What is the Biofield?
The Biofield is essential to health. Dr. Beverly Rubik, PhD, BioPhysicist and Advisory Panel Member to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) was instrumental in helping name the Biofield in 1994 and in recognizing it as being critical to life.

“Biofield: the complex, extremely weak electromagnetic field of the organism hypothesized to involve electromagnetic bioinformation for regulating homeodynamics. The biofield is a useful construct consistent with bioelectromagnetics and the physics of nonlinear, dynamical, nonequilibrium living systems. (EMF Radiation News).

The Biofield is a quantum-level information or energy field that pervades the biochemical body and instructs it about how to function correctly. If blockages or other distortions exist in this field, the information is unable to properly instruct the biochemical body, and physical illness can result. (Biophysics Center – http://biophysicscenter.com/biofield.html)

Biomechanical Dysfunction
Imbalance of the musculoskeletal system caused by bad mechanics or faulty movement patterns such as poor lifting habits.

Bursae
A bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. There are 160 bursae in the body. The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees. Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. (Medicine Net.com)

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E


Electrolyte
An electrolyte is a substance that will dissociate into ions in solution and acquire the capacity to conduct electricity. The electrolytes include sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium and phosphate. (MedTerms™ Medical Dictionary)

Electromagnetic Field (EMF)
An electromagnetic field is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects. It affects the behavior of charged objects near the field. (Wikipedia)

Endocytosis
The process by which cells absorb molecules (such as proteins) from outside the cell by engulfing it with their cell membrane.

Endorphins
Endorphins are endogenous opioid polypeptide compounds produced by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus in vertebrates during strenuous exercise, excitement, and orgasm. Endorphins resemble the opiates in their abilities to produce analgesia and a sense of well-being. (Wikipedia)

Excitotoxins
Excitotoxicity is the pathological process in which glutamate and similar substances damage and kill nerve cells. This occurs when receptors for the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate such as the NMDA receptor and AMPA receptor are overactivated. Excitotoxins like NMDA and kainic acid which bind to these receptors, as well as pathologically high levels of glutamate, can cause excitotoxicity by allowing high levels of calcium ions[1] (Ca2+) to enter the cell. Ca2+ influx into cells activates a number of enzymes, including phospholipases, endonucleases, and proteases such as calpain. These enzymes go on to damage cell structures such as components of the cytoskeleton, membrane, and DNA.

Excitotoxicity may be involved in spinal cord injury, stroke, traumatic brain injury and neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) such as Multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease. Other common conditions that cause excessive glutamate concentrations around neurons are hypoglycemia and status epilepticus. (Wikipedia)

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H


Hydrochloric Acid (HCL)
Hydrochloric acid is an inorganic acidic compound, excreted by the stomach, that aids in digestion. (DiagnoseMe.Com)

Hypochlorhydria (Hypochlorhydric)
Hypochlorhydria is the condition of having low hydrochloric acid levels in the stomach, often the cause of digestive disorders. (DiagnoseMe.Com)

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I


Interference Field (IF) or Interference Sites
An interference field is an area of the body where there has been previous trauma, such as an old scar or whiplash from an auto accident. Even though a trauma may be very old and is no longer painful, it can still act like a powerful short circuit of the body’s natural energy flow to a specific organ or gland, thereby creating many problems—often irresolvable even with many types of treatments.

Hidden IFs are extremely common and routinely missed on standard practitioner evaluations. Often the root cause of many problems is due to hidden IFs. QRA can quickly identify the presence of IFs and the method for eliminating them.

Eliminating IFs
QRA delivers an easy self-administered method to eliminate IFs permanently and the cascade of problems they cause. After QRA eliminates the body’s active IFs, a thimble full of nutritional supplements can deliver what a wheelbarrow full previously could not. Once QRA eliminates the short circuits in the body’s bio field, the body can return to its ideal cellular resonance and most ideal health. (Add reference to QRA section with link to glossary.)

Ischemic
Ischemia is a restriction in blood supply, generally due to factors in the blood vessels, with resultant damage or dysfunction of tissue. (Wikipedia) Tissue that is ischemic, suffers from a lack of circulation resulting from an injury and/or Interference Field.

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K


Keratinocyte
The keratinocyte is the major constituent of the epidermis, constituting 95% of the cells found there.Those keratinocytes found in the stratum basale are sometimes referred to as “basal cells” or “basal keratinocytes

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M


Mannan
The immune system must discriminate between self and non-self. Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) is a recognition molecule able to differentiate between the carbohydrates found on self glycoproteins and the carbohydrate patterns found on infectious non-self surfaces. It exists in a complex with MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs). When MBL binds to suitable carbohydrate pattern it causes activation of MASPs leading to triggering of the complement cascade. This results in limiting the infection and the orchestration of subsequent adaptive immune response. The plasma concentration of MBL is determined by genetic polymorphisms. Deficiency of MBL is a risk factor for infection, especially when other functions in the immune system are also compromised. MBL has a potential to react against altered-self structures, as found on apoptotic cells, cancers or ischemic-reperfused tissue.

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N


Nerve Compression or Entrapment
Nerve compression or entrapment occurs when soft tissue, cartilage, or bone applies pressure on a nerve.

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O


Osteochondritis dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans is a joint condition whereby a variable amount of bone and its adjacent cartilage loses its blood supply. Osteochondritis dissecans can involve the bone and cartilage of virtually any joint. Elbows and knees are most commonly affected. Usually, only a small portion of the affected cartilage is involved. (Medicine Net.com)

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P


Phagocyte
A cell, such as a white blood cell, that engulfs and absorbs waste material, harmful microorganisms, or other foreign bodies in the bloodstream and tissues.

Postural Distortion
Postural distortion is an imbalance of the muscular system resulting from movement of the body off the longitudinal and horizontal planes.

Probiotics
Probiotics are bacteria that help maintain the natural balance of organisms (microflora) in the intestines. The normal human digestive tract contains about 400 types of probiotic bacteria that reduce the growth of harmful bacteria and promote a healthy digestive system. (Web MD)

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R


Reepithelization
A crucial step during wound healing, which involves migration and proliferation of keratinocytes to cover the denuded dermal surface.

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S


Sciatica
Sciatica is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression and/or irritation of one of five nerve roots that give rise to the sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve itself. Sciatica results in pain in the lower back, buttock, and/or various parts of the leg and foot. In addition to pain, which is sometimes severe, there may be numbness, muscular weakness, and difficulty in moving or controlling the leg. Typically, people feel the symptoms only on one side of the body.
Although sciatica is a relatively common form of low back pain and leg pain, the true meaning of the term is often misunderstood. Sciatica is a set of symptoms rather than a diagnosis for what is irritating the root of the nerve, causing the pain. This point is important, because treatment for sciatica or sciatic symptoms will often be different, depending upon the underlying cause of the symptoms. (Wikipedia)

Soft Tissue
Soft tissue includes the muscles, tendons, and connective tissue of the body.

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T


Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome or TMJ joint disorders are medical problems related to the jaw joint. The TMJ connects the lower jaw (mandible) to the skull (temporal bone) in front of the ear. Certain facial muscles control chewing. Problems in this area can cause head and neck pain, a jaw that is locked in position or difficult to open, problems biting, and popping sounds when you bite. (EMedicineHealth.com)

Tendinitis
Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon—the thick fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones. The condition, which causes pain and tenderness just outside a joint, can occur in any of the body’s tendons. Tendinitis is common around the shoulders, elbows, wrists and heels.

If tendinitis is severe and leads to the rupture of a tendon, surgical repair may be necessary. However, most often, rest and medications to reduce the pain and inflammation of tendinitis may be the only treatments needed. (Mayo Clinic.com)

Trigger Points
Trigger points are areas in the muscles that become irritated. When they are pressed upon, they trigger referred sensations that may feel like pain, tingling, or numbness. (Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques, Chaitow, L. & DeLany, J.)

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W


WI-FI
Wi-Fi is the trade name for a popular wireless technology used in home networks, mobile phones, video games and more. Wi-Fi is supported by nearly every modern personal computer operating system and most advanced game consoles. (Wikipedia)

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